Iran Under the Ayatollahs Routledge Revivals. Some of these initiatives were regarded as dangerous, especially by the powerful and privileged Shi'a ulama religious scholarsand as Westernizing trends by traditionalists Khomeini viewed them as "an attack on Islam". Velayat-e faqih. By the late s, Khomeini was a marja -e taqlid model for imitation for "hundreds of thousands" of Shia, one of six or so models in the Shia world. In fact, his was the most vociferous defense that I heard. The Telegraph. Bush The Good Samaritans:
Cynicism about the clergy is universal, but it is especially among the young that one encounters it.
Iran TV chief sacked over uncensored Jackie Chan sex scene
Though Rushdie publicly regretted "the distress that publication has occasioned to sincere followers of Islam",  the fatwa was not revoked. To others, it was a reflection of an unfeeling leader incapable or unconcerned with understanding the thoughts, beliefs, or the needs of the Iranian populace. Archived from the original on 12 June Willett, Edward C. Mohsen Mirdamadi has since been disqualified by the mullahs from running again for elected office, and in December was beaten and clubbed by state-sponsored Hezbollah goons while giving a speech in the provincial city of Yazd. A modified form of this wilayat al-faqih system was adopted after Khomeini and his followers took power, and Khomeini was the Islamic Republic's first "Guardian" or " Supreme Leader ".